Abstract: Photomorphogenesis is a pivotal developmental strategy used by plants to respond to environmental light levels. During emergence from the soil and the establishment of photomorphogenesis, seedlings encounter increasing levels of UV-B irradiation and develop adaptive responses accordingly. However, the molecular mechanisms that orchestrate UV-B signaling cascades remain elusive. Here, we provide biochemical and genetic evidence that the prolonged signaling circuits of UV-B–induced photomorphogenesis involve two sets of E3 ligases and a transcription factor in Arabidopsis thaliana. The UV-B–inducible protein RUP1/RUP2 associates with the CUL4-DDB1 scaffold to form an E3 ligase, which represses photomorphogenesis by mediating the degradation of HY5, the hub transcription factor in the light signaling pathway. Conversely, COP1 directly targets RUP1/RUP2 for ubiquitination and degradation, leading to balanced RUP1/RUP2 accumulation, alleviation of the COP1–HY5 interaction, and stabilization of HY5 protein. Therefore, our study reveals that these two E3-substrate modules, CUL4-DDB1-RUP1/RUP2-HY5 and COP1-RUP1/RUP2, constitute the repression and derepression machinery by which plants respond to prolonged UV-B irradiation in photomorphogenic development.